[114] There are 3,500,802 male and 3,309,168 female citizens—a sex ratio of 945 females per 1000 males,[115] higher than the national average of 926 per 1000. [266] Complementing these government services are minibus routes operated by Setwin (Society for Employment Promotion & Training in Twin Cities). info)) is a state in the south-eastern coastal region of India. [7][136] After the 1908 flooding of the Musi River, the city was expanded and civic monuments constructed, particularly during the rule of Mir Osman Ali Khan (the VIIth Nizam), whose patronage of architecture led to him being referred to as the maker of modern Hyderabad. [69][70][71][72] In 2018 the city's first management institute, Xavier School of Management, was under construction near Ainavolu.[73]. [87] Team Amaravati led by drivers Jonas Andrson and Eric Edin. [191] Lazzat Un Nisa, a book compiled in the 15th century at Qutb Shahi courts, contains erotic paintings with diagrams for secret medicines and stimulants in the eastern form of ancient sexual arts. The great Mauryan emperor Ashoka (reigned c. 265–238 bce) sent Buddhist missions to the Andhras in the south. [55], As of July 2019, the World Bank dropped funding for Amaravati. [127] About 22% of the slum-dwelling households had migrated from different parts of India in the last decade of the 20th century, and 63% claimed to have lived in the slums for more than 10 years. [52][53][54], The state government originally initiated the Singapore-based Ascendas-Singbridge and Sembcorp Development consortium for the city's construction. Many other ancient Amaravati Buddhist Marbles and Buddhist relics from the region were unfortunately destroyed over the time and some of them were exported to Chennai Museum and British Museum during the British rule which can be seen there today. [238] In 2015, high-speed public WiFi was introduced in parts of the city. Its capital is Hyderabad, being the largest city of Telangana. [139], Qutb Shahi architecture of the 16th and early 17th centuries followed classical Persian architecture featuring domes and colossal arches. It is the seventh-largest state by area covering an area of 162,975 km 2 (62,925 sq mi) and tenth-most populous state with 49,386,799 inhabitants. Hyderabad has three national parks (Mrugavani National Park, Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park and Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park), and the Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary is about 50 km (31 mi) from the city. [179][180] This migration resulted in a mingling of North and South Indian languages, cultures and religions, which has since led to a co-existence of Hindu and Muslim traditions, for which the city has become noted. [109]:57, When the GHMC was created in 2007, the area occupied by the municipality increased from 175 km2 (68 sq mi) to 625 km2 (241 sq mi). The Satavahanas are prominent in the history of Andhra Pradesh as they inaugurated the festival Telugu New Year (Ugadi) in this region. [57] With only state government allocated budget of ₹500 crore in 2019, the Amravati project has substantially slowed, with no deadline in sight. [265], As of 2018, the most commonly used forms of medium-distance transport in Hyderabad include government-owned services such as light railways and buses, as well as privately operated taxis and auto rickshaws. [134] The city is home to more than 1300 IT and ITES firms that provide employment for 407,000 individuals; the global conglomerates include Microsoft, Apple, Amazon, Google, IBM, Yahoo!, Oracle Corporation, Dell, Facebook, CISCO,[78]:3[175] and major Indian firms including Tech Mahindra, Infosys, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Polaris, Cyient and Wipro. [15], The foundation for the city was laid at Uddandarayunipalem on 22 October 2015. [56] As of September 2019, the Ascendas-Singbridge and Sembcorp Development consortium have also withdrawn from the project. .mw-parser-output .toclimit-2 .toclevel-1 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-3 .toclevel-2 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-4 .toclevel-3 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-5 .toclevel-4 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-6 .toclevel-5 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-7 .toclevel-6 ul{display:none}, The name Hyderabad means "Haydar's city" or "lion city", from haydar 'lion' and ābād 'city', after Caliph Ali Ibn Abi Talib, also known as Haydar because of his lion-like valour in battle. [49] The seed capital is spread over an area of 16.94 km2 (6.54 sq mi). Hyderabad state was split into three parts, which were merged with neighbouring states to form the modern states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh is Hyderabad for 10 years until 2024. The accession of Asaf Jah II, who reigned from 1762 to 1803, ended the instability. [202], Although the city is not particularly noted for theatre and drama,[203] the state government promotes theatre with multiple programmes and festivals[204][205] in such venues as the Ravindra Bharati, Shilpakala Vedika, Lalithakala Thoranam and Lamakaan. [75] The GHMC was formed in April 2007 by merging the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad (MCH) with 12 municipalities of the Hyderabad, Ranga Reddy and Medak districts covering a total area of 625 km2 (241 sq mi). They issued many coins with this Prakrit language which can be found in many inscriptions in this region today. There are also Christian, Sikh, Jain, Buddhist and Parsi communities and iconic churches, mosques and temples. Although not a purely music oriented event, Numaish, a popular annual exhibition of local and national consumer products, does feature some musical performances. After the fall of Delhi in 1857, the migration of performing artists to the city particularly from the north and west of the Indian sub continent, under the patronage of the Nizam, enriched the cultural milieu. Telangana has joined the list of states that have instituted pricecaps on treatment for the coronavirus disease in private hospitals. The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi; the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, N. Chandrababu Naidu; the Vice President of India and the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu; then Governor E. S. L. Narasimhan; the Japanese minister for economy trade and industry, Yosuke Takagi; and the Singaporean Minister for Trade and Industry, S. Iswaran, laid the foundation for the city. Since the 1990s, the city has emerged as an Indian hub of pharmaceuticals and biotechnology. [173] Hyderabad is a global centre of information technology, for which it is known as Cyberabad (Cyber City). [24] The bus rapid transit system (BRTS) in Amaravati to connect with the adjacent Vijayawada and Guntur cities by world-class road network is also part of the CRDA project. [150] The development of HITEC City, a township with extensive technological infrastructure, prompted multinational companies to establish facilities in Hyderabad. [183] The mixing of religions has resulted in many festivals being celebrated in Hyderabad such as Ganesh Chaturthi, Diwali and Bonalu of Hindu tradition and Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha by Muslims. There are 405 government schools, 267 government aided schools, 175 private schools and 528 community halls in the slum areas. The nearest cities are Vijayawada at a distance of 30 km and Guntur at a distance of 18 km. [27][154][155] Industrialisation began under the Nizams in the late 19th century, helped by railway expansion that connected the city with major ports. [225] Hyderabadi cuisine is influenced to some extent by French,[226] but more by Arabic, Turkish, Iranian and native Telugu and Marathwada cuisines. Their main language was Prakrit written using Brahmi Script, which served as the base for the script of Telugu Language. Kms. The central universities are the University of Hyderabad (Hyderabad Central University, HCU),[245] Maulana Azad National Urdu University and the English and Foreign Languages University. Customer Service Representative, Executive, Management Trainee and more! [167] Many traditional and historic bazaars are located throughout the city, Laad Bazaar being the prominent among all is popular for selling a variety of traditional and cultural antique wares, along with gems and pearls. The city used to have a large Buddhist Stupa known as Mahachaitya (also known as Amaravati Stupa) which was ruined over the time. The government, however, is to explore other means of mass transport like ‘mono rail’, Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) and tramways. [222][223] The Hyderabadi biryani and Hyderabadi haleem with their blend of Mughlai and Arab cuisines,[224] carry the national Geographical Indications tag. [83], As the seat of the Government of Telangana, Hyderabad is home to the state's legislature, secretariat and high court, as well as various local government agencies. The name Telangana is derived from the word Trilinga Desa means land of three lingas which are three ancient Shiva Temples at Kaleshwaram, Srisailam, and Draksharama. About two-thirds of pupils attend privately run institutions. [119], Hindus are in the majority. [17], The 13th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu envisioned Amaravati to be the people-centric pioneer Smart City of India, built around sustainability and livability principles, and to be the happiest city in the world. The state’s per-capita income is growing faster than that of the country. [247] The Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Open University, established in 1982, is the first distance-learning open university in India. It was formerly named after Dhanyakataka, the location where Shakyamuni Buddha taught the Heart Essence form of the Kalachakra Dharma to the Shambala kings. Hyderabad has continued with these traditions in its annual Hyderabad Literary Festival, held since 2010, showcasing the city's literary and cultural creativity. TELANGANA PROFILE Capital City: Hyderabad Area: 112,077 Sq. [9], Amaravati was founded by former Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu in 2014 as the Greenfield administrative capital city of the Andhra Pradesh state, and its foundation stone was laid at Uddandarayunipalem by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi on 22 October 2015. Hyderabad also has schools of fashion design including Raffles Millennium International, NIFT Hyderabad and Wigan and Leigh College. Ultimately state or union governments are not incurring any expenditure to construct the city but wholly financed by the income accrued from the sale of land for various development schemes (₹ 171.51 billion), loans and the local taxes (₹ 146.41 billion by 2037) to the CRDA. It was part of Madras Presidency during the British colonial period. Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics produced in Mangalagiri mandal,[67] a part of the state capital, were registered as one of the geographical indications from Andhra Pradesh.[68]. [134][135], Heritage buildings constructed during the Qutb Shahi and Nizam eras showcase Indo-Islamic architecture influenced by Medieval, Mughal and European styles. [140] The oldest surviving Qutb Shahi structure in Hyderabad is the ruins of the Golconda Fort built in the 16th century. [65][66] This lasted until 1321, when the Kakatiya dynasty was annexed by Malik Kafur, Allaudin Khalji's general. Since 1956, the city has housed the winter office of the President of India. [276]:58, Air traffic was previously handled via Begumpet Airport, but this was replaced by Rajiv Gandhi International Airport (RGIA) (IATA: HYD, ICAO: VOHS) in 2008,[277] capable of handling 25 million passengers and 150,000 metric-tonnes of cargo per annum. [69] Organisations engaged in environmental and wildlife preservation include the Telangana Forest Department,[70] Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education, the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), the Animal Welfare Board of India, the Blue Cross of Hyderabad and the University of Hyderabad. [233], Television broadcasting in Hyderabad began in 1974 with the launch of Doordarshan, the government of India's public service broadcaster,[234] which transmits two free-to-air terrestrial television channels and one satellite channel. [235] Satellite TV channels are accessible via cable subscription, direct-broadcast satellite services or internet-based television. ", "Twin festivals pile more garbage load on GHMC", "Co-benefits analysis of air pollution and GHG emissions for Hyderabad, India", "Pollution up in Hyderabad post Pollution Control Board split", "50 research scholars to study pollution", "Use of multi-objective air pollution monitoring sites and online air pollution monitoring system for total health risk assessment in Hyderabad", "Gasping for breath in VIP areas, blame it on toxic cloud in the air", "If Singur, Manjira dry up, there's Krishna", "Welcome to Commissionerate of Health and Family Welfare", "Health and living conditions in eight Indian cities", "168 professors needed in Ayush department", "Economy, population and urban sprawl a comparative study of urban agglomerations of Banglore and Hyderabad, India using remote sensing and GIS techniques", "Greater Hyderabad population set to cross 1 crore mark", "AP slips further in national literacy ratings", "Incidence and burden of road traffic injuries in urban India", "Cultural, spatial and socio-economic fragmentation in the Indian megacity Hyderabad", "Hindu temples in Hyderabad: State patronage and politics in South Asia", "Urdu is now first language in Indian state of Telangana", "MCH plans citizens' charter in Telugu, Urdu", "Poverty reduction at city level: strategy development for Hyderabad", "Puranapul 'rented' out to vendors by extortionist", "Architecture of Hyderabad during the CIB period", "Heritage award for Hyderabad raises many eyebrows", "Jubilee hall a masterpiece of Asaf Jahi architecture", "The Qutb Shahi monuments of Hyderabad Golconda Fort, Qutb Shahi tombs, Charminar", "Qutb Shahi style (mainly in and around Hyderabad city)", "UNESCO Asia-Pacific heritage awards for culture heritage conservation", "Palaces of the Nizam: Asaf Jahi style (mainly in and around Hyderabad city)", "Civic infra bodies get a raw deal in budget", "Hyderabad in NYT 2011 list of must see places", "Sebi allows exit of Hyderabad stock exchange", "Telangana records 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again", "The original Urdu research centre (URC)", "The Urdu research centre, Hyderabad: a souvenir", "Women in the Hyderabad State in 19th and 20th centuries", "It's "teen maar" for marriages, festivals", "Doorway to culture in the name of Taramati", "Andhra Pradesh state film television and theater development corporation limited", "Telugu film industry MoU with Motion pictures association of America", "17th international children's film fest starts in Hyderabad", Centre for Cultural Resources and Training, "Partnership with the Salar Jung museum, Hyderabad", "Hyderabad figures in UNESCO list for rich culinary heritage", "UNESCO designates 66 new Creative Cities", "Hyderabadi haleem now close to being patented", "The original 'slow food' staple: a GI tag for the iconic Hyderabadi dish is reason to raise a toast", "Andhra Pradesh / Hyderabad news: legendary biryani now turns 'single, "Times food guide 2012 reaches Hyderabad", "Hyderabad Urdu papers launch campaign for simple weddings", "The long and interesting story of all India Radio, Hyderabad – part 1", "Radio stations in Andhra Pradesh, India", "Consolidated list of channels allowed to be carried by cable operators/ multi system operators/ DTH licensees in India", Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), "Information and communication technologies throughout the world", "Hyderabad begins rollout of public WiFi", "Many of India's poor turn to private schools", "Centre extends 40-cr aid to Urdu schools", "SSC results: girls score higher percentage", "Vice chancellor's speech about Osmania university", "Cabinet gives nod for setting up AIIMS at Bibinagar in Telangana", "Blow to students as Unani PG seats slashed", "Anand Sharma lays foundation for National Institute of Design, Hyderabad", "Synthetic track at GMC Balayogi stadium will be protected:SAAP", "Last in 2008, toppers this year: Deccan script IPL fairytale", "Gokak racer wins off-road rally in Mumbai", "1,200 new vehicles a day choke Hyderabad roads", "Hyderabad Metro Rail is now second largest metro network in country", "Hyderabad Metro Rail becomes second largest metro network in India", "Pre-feasibility study for bus rapid transit", Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, "Co-benefits from transportation sector: A case study-Hyderabad, India", "Speed limits fixed for vehicles on city roads", "RGIA is sixth busiest airport in country", "Honour for Hyderabad international airport", Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research, Telangana State Road Transport Corporation, List of cities in Telangana by population, List of urban agglomerations in Telangana, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hyderabad&oldid=999728734, Cities and towns in Hyderabad district, India, High-technology business districts in India, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing 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As capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh region is well known for its Golconda and Hyderabad painting which... From 1769 to 1948 Gautam Buddha Statue in the 16th century capital of telangana %. Names in use in the informal economy constitute a major portion of urban.! Centre with a fleet of 3800 buses serving 3.3 million passengers international, NIFT Hyderabad its!