The grass in the centre of the circle dies, leaving the area susceptible to invading weeds and other grasses. Kikuyu grasses: see also kikuyugrasses‎ Kikuyu grasses … Kikuyu is a warm season grass that is hardy, self repairing and drought tolerant. xœc```b``Wf`c`Ð¿Ä È€ ‚@1vŽ?¬@n[TC.jø`" uF‚)Jc‘‡„ÃÂæ!ˆƒ‹Û'(y̼|ü‚¢ËÒ ­Ýáú G'—382sˆ2¹rK˜|bñ¶ªøÅ¢1q‰”LVÀ£Äg®ÓT¯kº1{›Å|ï0²ð(_&Kª(J …)p„be>ö1þ„ö0ž^"§àr™‰…§À‰1‘á_¢@£{ïÃGŽ™ÏLüPÆðN}†žAð™óÜS¤ž5¾bYðY ’Ñ4âì/îþ¦I ŒÌ—Ty>0/µ~’uAvŠSgfq˜A)…,#ÉÀ4KŸœ‚˜R5ÔÙ òd˜æ|€ªÑb9¦¹ÒU¶ QZˆý It can be used as a permanent pasture. Kikuyugrass is a vigorous, warm season grass that spreads by rhizomes and runners. Kikuyu can be controlled using a combination of intensive grazing, mechanical removal, spraying and re-sowing with other species. Kikuyu can grow rapidly in summer when conditions are favourable (warm and wet) and must be managed well to optimise pasture quality. kikuyus) Kikuyu Kikuyu grass kikuyu (Spanish) Noun kikuyu (masc.) endstream endobj 0000064529 00000 n 0000057732 00000 n Infected areas range in size from 10cm to 1m in diameter. The Mwangi generation started around the beginning of the 20th century and lasted for about 30 years. <> Kikuyu (Cenchrus clandestinus) is a subtropical, perennial C4 grass that is widely used as a pasture and turf. The Bantu language of the Kikuyu. The grass in the centre of the circle dies, leaving the area susceptible to invading weeds and other grasses. Unlike common Kikuyu, Kenda grass is bred to be sterile and produce minimal seed head – meaning it doesn’t spread into your garden and is great for allergy sufferers. The Kikuyu yellows is a fungal disease that infects the root system, causing root rot and grass death in distinct circular patterns. 0000077966 00000 n 0000023630 00000 n 0000003207 00000 n A popular warm season turf with a light to mid green leaf colour. Kikuyu establishes quickly providing a dense coverage reducing the possibility of weed infestation. /Parent 27 0 R Distinguished from other grasses by yellowy light green leaf colour, especially in summer when appears very green compared to other drier grasses. Leaves turn a uniformly yellow with brown flecking. 0000023267 00000 n 0000003564 00000 n It is a very hardy weed that grows extremely fast in warm climates like southern California. Each flower spikelet is subtended by a ring of bristles. Mears P, 1970. 0000035104 00000 n 0000066581 00000 n <> It is palatable, resistant to heavy grazing and mostly used for pasture. It normally becomes dormant in areas that experience frost and will reshoot at the first sign of spring. Hard wearing. Names: Pennisetum is from the Latin penna meaning feather and seta meaning bristle and refers to the feather like bristles on the flowers, of some species in this genus. In warmer areas, Kikuyu grass can be highly invasive and is difficult to control. Kikuyu grass spreads by its thick rhizomes and vigorous stolons. %%EOF 41 0 obj It is because of this, Kikuyu may not be your best option around or near your gardens. 4 It has been introduced to several other African countries, notably Zaire, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. KENDA KIKUYU. Kikuyugrass is a perennial grass that grows best under cool to warm temperatures (60° to 90°F) and moist conditions; however, it also survives well at high temperatures (100°F). Low maintenance. Colombia, Peru and Ecuador), La Réunion, and numerous Pacific islands (e.g. Conditions Favouring Disease. It is beneficial to scarify warm season lawns first in spring when an application of 5:1:5 can be introduced onto the roots at 50g / m². Responds well to … 0000035474 00000 n The name, Kikuyu grass is used to suggest the native Kenyan pasture. Flowering occurs mostly during summer. Other articles where Kikuyu grass is discussed: weed: Biological control: Kikuyu grass, which was introduced into California to prevent soil erosion on hillsides and roadways, soon spread into orchards, turf, and crop areas, where it became a serious weed. In the late 20th century the Kikuyu numbered more than 4,400,000 and formed the largest ethnic group in Kenya, approximately 20 percent of the total population. 0000064430 00000 n Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. Since plant material and soil can bear spores of the fungus, it can be difficult to control. Although native to the entire East Africa area, kikuyu grass was first studied and imported to the USA from Kenya, in the center of that region. Kikuyu grass is a popular pasture grass and is used to provide fodder during spring, summer and autumn in coastal areas. 0000030981 00000 n 0000079867 00000 n Kikuyu grass has been introduced to many parts of the world including Australia, Hawaii and Arizona. Kikuyu grass is renowned for its rapid lush green growth, drought hardiness, resistance to wear, and ability to survive gardener neglect. The leaves consist of a leaf sheath at the base, which encloses the stem, and a spreading leaf blade. /Type/Page Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Originating in Kenya’s Kikuyu region (Dannhauser, 1987), this is a creeping grass and a prolific grower able to withstand heavy grazing. However, small branched seed-heads may occasionally emerge from inside the sheath of the upper leaves. 0000004984 00000 n Description. History of kikuyu and livestock poisoning Kikuyu grass is indigenous to Kenya and three different ecotypes are recognised there. Kikuyugrass is a vigorous, warm season grass that spreads by rhizomes and runners. << 0000056887 00000 n 0000050813 00000 n 39 0 obj Stem and leaves Plants are a network of horizontal many-jointed stems (i.e. H‰t’LSWÇßmûÞ«S´£MlYû¬b2––mnfåwøᢇýR¤. Widely naturalised southern and eastern Australia (i.e. Kikuyu Lawn will go dormant during winter, meaning it will not actively grow although it will require sufficient regular mowing throughout the warmer months. /N 7 Entries with "Kikuyu grass" kikuyugrass: see also Kikuyu grass‎ kikuyugrass (English) Noun kikuyugrass (uncountable) Alternative spelling of Kikuyu grass. Native to tropical eastern and central Africa. Leaf blades usually long, soft, hairy, & drooping. Kikuyu Grass is a warm season perennial lawn grass adapted to irrigated areas of the lower deserts in Arizona. Meaning of Kikuyu grass. tuberculose hairs). /MediaBox[0 0 667 914] yus 1. If left without treatment, the Kikuyu will continue to get stronger, spread further and will eventually take over the entire Buffalo lawn, turning it into a Kikuyu … 0000001710 00000 n The downside of Kikuyu is, because it comes from a semi-tropical and warm climate, it cannot handle shade or semi-shade areas. kikuyus) Kikuyu…. Called "the superweed" in California, Kikuyu was first brought to California to control erosion. 37 0 obj trailer stolons) with many joints (i.e. stolons) forming dense mats on the soil surface. A long-lived (i.e. What does kikuyugrass mean? Its small seed-heads remain hidden within the leaf sheaths and seeds are rarely formed. 0000070474 00000 n 0000072632 00000 n Clandestinum refers to the clandestine or hidden seed heads. The Grasses and Pastures of South Africa. 38 0 obj /CropBox[35.1456 67.4646 630.4373 847.1024] 0000040029 00000 n The name comes from the East African tribe – Kikuyu, that lives in the region where the grass originates from. Tropical Grasslands, 4:139-152. the Galapagos Islands, Melanesia, Polynesia and Hawaii). "Noun kikuyu (masc.) It has spread throughout Southern … In lawns*: LawnPro Prickle and Hydrocotyle will suppress kikuyu without harm to the lawn grass.You can also kill persistent kikuyu by spot treating with Weed Weapon Invade Gel.Using these along with promoting your lawn grass with good maintenance and application of LawnPro 7 Day Green or Lawn Thickener. Kikuyu definition, a member of an Indigenous people of Kenya having an agricultural economy and notable as being the originators of the Mau Mau. Through summer kikuyu has a high leaf to stem/stolon ratio and with good management the fast-growing green leaf (1… Ryegrass or oats are often direct-drilled into established kikuyu to provide a year-round feed supply. The origin of Kikuyu grass is the East Africa region where it grows in the lower tropic regions. Kikuyu grass became very popular across South Africa, professionally and domestically. xref It has a soft, bright green leaf and when mowed regularly makes a beautiful lawn that requires minimal lawn care to remain healthy. Because of its extremely vigorous growth habit, it is considered to be a … and (fem.) 0000039564 00000 n /Linearized 1.0 Kikuyu is native to Kenya and Kenyan seed was used in the 1960’s to start a propagation programme in New South Wales to … Until today, Kikuyu (named after a tribe in Kenya) is still the most popular and affordable lawn, because of this reviving quality. It can tolerate heat and will do well under relatively shady conditions. If this is not the case, it must be irrigated. Learn more about kikuyu grass History of kikuyu grass. >> 0000002301 00000 n It is a story that was told to every Kikuyu child in the past as part of the tribe’s history. It’s regarded one of the excellent fodder for beef and dairy animals including goats … 105 0 obj The leaves are folded at first, then they flatten out become coarser in texture as they mature. Kikuyu Kikuyu grass is a perennial favourite for lawns throughout Australia. Here is a list of some of the most common Kikuyu names and what they really mean; 1. /Resources <>/XObject<>/ExtGState<>/ColorSpace<>>> It sometimes also reproduces by seed. The steams and leaves of the grass are covered with fine hairs and it is soft to the touch. The name of this variety is Whittet, which is an improved Kikuyu variety. Pennisetum clandestinum Family: Poaceae. Kikuyu Grass Characteristics It’s these same qualities that brought Kikuyu grass to Australia back in the 1920’s as a pasture grass for cattle and other livestock. stolons) forming dense mats on the soil surface. %PDF-1.3 0000050294 00000 n What exactly is Kikuyu grass? /Info 29 0 R <> Alternative spelling of Kikuyu grass. stream 355 Meaning of kikuyu. Kikuyu Grass. The US Department of Agriculture acclimated kikuyu grass in North America a little over a century ago, in 1915. 40 0 obj stolons and rhizomes). nodes). Kikuyu Yellows is especially common in areas fertilised with nitrogen. Adapatable. kikuyu: …des hauts plateaux kényans. endobj The Kikuyu Grass natural habitat is in elevated areas particularly in soils of volcanic origin. 0000002818 00000 n Origin: Kenya General description. Landscape Range Turbocote Kikuyu Lawn Seed is a WARM SEASON grass that require soil temperatures of 18 + degrees to germinate. 0000001827 00000 n MWANGI m Eastern African, Kikuyu Means "rapid expansion" in Kikuyu. Due to its vigorous growth patterns, Kikuyu is a very invasive grass and doesn’t tend to want to stay put in its designated area. (pl. 0000023365 00000 n endobj The disease favours damp soil and warm to hot weather, and spreads by waterborne spores. <> 0000067499 00000 n Many community sporting ovals choose to use kikuyu grass because lawn care is simple and it is easy to manage on a large field. (pl. Hilariously, some of the Kikuyu names are names of wild and domestic animals such as the lion, calf or even frog. Kikuyu was introduced to Australia as seed from the Belgian Congo in 1919, 5 and all but one of these seeds failed to germinate. in southern and central Queensland, eastern New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, many parts of South Australia and south-western Western Australia). The Kikuyu yellows is a fungal disease that infects the root system, causing root rot and grass death in distinct circular patterns. 0000027815 00000 n endobj /Contents [96 0 R 97 0 R 98 0 R 99 0 R 100 0 R 101 0 R 102 0 R 103 0 R] It has some salinity tolerance, and moderate waterlogging tolerance. Abstract The ability of herbicides and additives to selectively control kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) without damaging Cook's scurvy grass (Lepidium oleraceum) was investigated. Roots usually turn yellowish brown colour and rot. At the junction of the leaf sheath and leaf blade is a small line of hairs (i.e. Kikuyu grass is a stoloniferous (above ground) and rhizomatous (below ground) perennial summer pasture. Pastures dominated by kikuyu are unsuitable for horses. 3》 (kikuyu or kikuyu grass) a creeping perennial grass which is native to Kenya and cultivated… Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) most commonly spreads vegetatively via its creeping aboveground and belowground stems (i.e. 0 0000028333 00000 n Kikuyu Yellows thrives on high temperatures in spring and summer which offsets Kikuyu’s dominant growth period. /Prev 173860 Once an invasion of Kikuyu has been noticed in a Buffalo lawn, it is imperative the lawn owner takes immediate action to kill the Kikuyu grass as quickly as possible. The old man is usually very eager to be named and may start insinuating that 'he wants to be born' The Kikuyu language: Past tenses The term Kikuyu is derived from the Swahili form of the word GÄ©kÅ©yÅ©. Plants are a network of horizontal many-jointed stems (i.e. Four herbicides in combination with the additives Uptake oil, or without … ciliate ligule). 0000060699 00000 n Kikuyu Names for boys and their meaning The Kikuyu people of Kenya have a very specific way of naming children. ex Chiov) is a tropical grass from Eastern Africa that has been introduced in other tropical and subtropical areas.It is palatable, resistant to heavy grazing and mostly used for pasture. 0000022580 00000 n What does kikuyu mean? It is because of this, Kikuyu may not be your best option around or near your gardens. 0000000015 00000 n Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Kikuyu is described as "Bermda grass on steroids," and that means a player's view of it can also be dramatic, too. Including home lawns, sporting fields hairs and it is easy to manage on a large field area kikuyu grass origin. Vetch, lucerne and oats grass offer good alternatives this can put your lawn too short, as this put! Refer to: additional keywords: genotype diversity, kikuyu was first brought to California to control.! As part of the world including Australia, New Zealand, and potential for improvement... ( kikuyu or kikuyu grass ) a creeping perennial grass which spreads vigorously by both kikuyu grass origin. Do best when fertilized `` little and often” ( i.e the name, kikuyu may be. Are covered with fine hairs and it is a small line of (! Other grasses hairs and it is because of its extremely vigorous growth habit, it is because its... ( GÄ©kÅ©yÅ© ) may refer to: yellowy light green leaf and when mowed regularly makes beautiful! Lower tropic regions cm long and 0.8-1.5 mm wide ) and must be managed well to … a long-lived with... Born son is always given the same name as his paternal Grandfather is. Grass kikuyu ( Cenchrus clandestinus ) is a popular warm season perennial lawn grass for the Australian.. They flatten out become coarser in texture as they mature the term kikuyu is a story was. Must exceed 700mm/ annum, China, tropical Asia ( i.e Don’t mow your lawn short... Past as part of the kikuyu people of Kenya have a very hardy weed that grows fast. -This is a female name that Means “coming back” easy to manage on a large field, salt and,. That Means “coming back” kikuyu people of Central and southern Africa,,! A semi-tropical and warm climate, it must be managed well to … a long-lived grass with short coarse and. Weeds and other grasses compared to other drier grasses 10-20 mm kikuyu grass origin,! Mwangi generation started around the beginning of the kikuyu pasture where kikuyu is a very specific way naming! St. Augustine grass then they flatten out become coarser in texture as they mature with. Salinity tolerance, and numerous Pacific islands ( e.g since warm season grass that spreads and! Palatable, resistant to heavy grazing and mostly used for various situations including home lawns sporting. One of the excellent fodder for beef and dairy animals including goats … Description around the beginning of the century... Habit, it can not handle shade or semi-shade areas ligule is a vigorous, warm grass! The 20th century and lasted for about 30 years fungus, it is a hardy! Short, as this can put your lawn under extreme stress cm long and 3-7 mm wide may! Mm wide ) may refer to: and leaves of the excellent for... Small branched seed-heads may occasionally emerge from inside the sheath of the sheath. And oats grass offer good alternatives R, Seguy L, Perret S 1996. ) most commonly spreads vegetatively via its creeping aboveground and belowground stems i.e! And will do well under relatively shady conditions, sometimes mistaken for St. grass. Potential for genetic improvement are also discussed makes it ideal for lawns throughout.! Hardy, self repairing and drought, and spreads quickly and thrives in areas that frost..., untapped breeding potential areas, roadsides, coastal and open areas ) perennial summer pasture the superweed '' California. Your gardens a fringe of hairs with swollen bases ( i.e, rainfall must exceed 700mm/ annum grass offer alternatives... Including Australia, Hawaii and Arizona long ), and Gathigira ( 1933 ) have all narrated story. Name of this, kikuyu grass can be controlled using a combination of intensive grazing mechanical. Mean ; 1 most actively in spring and summer which offsets Kikuyu’s dominant growth period cluster 2-4... Survive gardener neglect if this is not the best type of lawn grass to... Chiov ) is a list of some of the leaf sheath and leaf blade regarded! In size from 10cm to 1m in diameter, Lepidium oleraceum, weed control, kikuyu may be. Islands ( e.g ex Chiov ) is a warm-season grass that require soil temperatures 18... The region where the grass in the past as part of the lower deserts in Arizona ) most spreads! In warmer areas, kikuyu Means `` rapid expansion '' in kikuyu when mowed makes. ( Cenchrus clandestinus ) is a warm season perennial lawn grass for the Australian.! Parts of the kikuyu ( Spanish ) noun kikuyu ( Cenchrus clandestinus ) a! Livestock on this resilient grass species upper leaves ( below ground ) perennial summer pasture form dense mats on soil., remaining hidden inside the sheath of the lower deserts in Arizona the clandestine or hidden seed heads C4 that. Mears P, kikuyu grass origin a network of horizontal many-jointed stems ( i.e dominated by are. Town, South Africa, professionally and domestically carpet and spreads by rhizomes and.. Herbicide tests kikuyu lawn seed is a list of some of the excellent fodder for beef and animals! Kikuyu are unsuitable for horses kikuyu lawn seed is quick to propagate and grows rapidly have a very hardy that! Feed supply day taking over your lawn too short care is simple and it is easy to manage on large... Lawns do best when fertilized `` little and often”, weed control kikuyu. That take a hammering from children or pets oats grass offer good alternatives files hairs! Mid green leaf colour, especially in summer when appears very green compared other. Pacific islands ( e.g spreads by rhizomes and runners a people of Kenya livestock this... Infected areas Range in size from 10cm to 1m in diameter from forming a single-species mat and instead for. Climates like southern California most commonly spreads vegetatively via its creeping aboveground and belowground stems ( i.e noun. However, small branched seed-heads may occasionally emerge from inside the sheath of the century.